[아줌마] 아줌마 일본어 강의 11강 - 의문문 및 단위명 읽는 법
Please view previous lessons for additional vocabulary and grammar.
In this lesson you'll learn the wide variety of counters in Japanese! Did you know there's specific counters you use depending on a range of circumstances? From flat objects, to tall, cylinder shapes, to small and big animals and even a special counter for tofu! Along with these counters, we'll also go over some basic interrogatives to help you ask who's object it is and what kind of object it is. Good luck studying!
nanmai desuka? なんまいですか？ - How many (flat things)?
# + mai まい - counter for flat objects (t-shirt, paper, stamps, postcards)
ichimai いちまい - 1 (flat thing)
nimai にまい - 2 (flat things)
sanmai さんまい - 3 (flat things)
nanbon desuka? なんぼんですか？ - How many (long cylindrical objects)?
# + hon/pon/bon ほん／ぽん／ぼん - counter for long cylindrical objects (umbrella, beer, wine, banana, pen)
* Depending on the mouth position, you will use # + pon (for closed) / # + hon (open) and 3 is exception san-bon
ippon いっぽん - 1 (cylinder thing)
nihon にほん - 2 (cylinder thing)
sanbon さんぼん - 3 (cylinder thing)
# + dai だい - counter for car/machine
# + wa わ - counter for birds
# + piki/hiki/biki ぴき／ひき／びき - counter for small animals
# + tou とう - counter for big animals
hitori ひとり futari ふたり / # + nin (3 and up) - counter for people
# + ken/gen けん／げん - counter for homes
# + chou ちょう - counter for tofu
All around counter (up to 10)
hitotsu / ひとつ - 1
futatsu / ふたつ - 2
mittsu / みっつ - 3
yottsu / よっつ - 4
itsutsu / いつつ - 5
muttsu / むっつ - 6
nanatsu / ななつ - 7
yattsu / やっつ - 8
kokonotsu / ここのつ - 9
tou / とう - 10
dare/donata (more polite) desuka? だれ／どなたですか？ - who is it?
donna (object) desuka? どんな（＿＿＿）ですか？ - what type of (object) is it?
doko (object) desuka? どこ（＿＿＿）ですか？ - where/what company made (object)?
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